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Silva Fennica 1926-1997
1990-1997
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Acta Forestalia Fennica
1953-1968
1933-1952
1913-1932

Articles by Ilmari Paasio

Category: Article

article id 7350, category Article
Ilmari Paasio. (1941). Zur Pflanzensoziologischen Grundlage der Weissmoortypen. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 49 no. 3 article id 7350. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7350
English title: Plant sociological principles of open bog types.

The plant populations of Finnish open bogs are typically formed of two layers. The layers normally consist of one or rarely two species. The structure of plant populations in open bogs is a consequence of the development where determining factors are different site requirements of the species, and the differences in the biotic vitality and capacity for reproduction.

Phytogenesis should be taken as a basic unit for describing the plant societies or vegetation of treeless bogs. However, acknowledging the sub-populations may be of advantage for describing the ecological, genetic and regional characters of open bogs.

The basic classification of open bogs must be done based on the ground layer. The more detailed classification follows mostly based on field layer, partly also based on the ground layer.

The PDF contains a summary in Finnish. 

  • Paasio, ORCID ID:E-mail:
article id 7349, category Article
Ilmari Paasio. (1940). Zur Kenntnis der Waldhochmoore Mittelfinnlands. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 49 no. 2 article id 7349. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7349
English title: Knowledge on high moors in middle Finland.

The southern border of occurrence of high moors is only known for western Finland. In other parts of southern Finland the high moors are bordered with Karelian mixed moor type. The article presents observations on high moor alike moors in middle Finland. The characteristics of these high moors are described and compared with other moor types in the area.

Morphological and hydrographicalas well as vegetation related characters are presented. The most important character of the moors increasingly occurring when moving from south the north is decrease in convexity of the moor. In western part of the country clarity of raises, in eastern part of the country the abundance of large dwarf shrubs are also typical. Climatic differences between west Finland and east Finland seem to cause the differences.   

Results indicate that the climatic reasons, meaning the more continental climate in eastern part of the country, is the reason that there are fewer high moors in eastern Finland than in western Finland. The areas with tendency for developing as high moors develop themselves as drier forest high moors. It is reasonable to limit the north border of occurrence of proper high moors further south than what has been done.

The PDF contains a summary in Finnish. 

  • Paasio, ORCID ID:E-mail:
article id 7331, category Article
Ilmari Paasio. (1936). Suomen nevasoiden tyyppijärjestelmää koskevia tutkimuksia. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 44 no. 3 article id 7331. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7331
English title: Studies on the peatland types of treeless bogs in Finland.

Ground vegetation can be used to determine the fertility of the peatlands. This information is needed when deciding if a peatland is suitable for drainage. The spruce and pine swamp types of Finland have been well established. The aim of the study was to develop further the peatland type classification for treeless bogs in Finland, presented in earlier studies. The treeless bogs consist of diversity of small patches of different vegetation that blend into complexes. Consequently, classification that is based on defining bog complexes makes it easier to determine a peatland type for a larger peatland area. A system describing peatland complexes for treeless bogs is presented with detailed description of the vegetation. The study identifies nine different peatland complex types for treeless bogs.

The PDF includes a summary in German.

  • Paasio, ORCID ID:E-mail:
article id 7274, category Article
Ilmari Paasio. (1933). Über die Vegetation der Hochmoore Finnlands. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 39 no. 3 article id 7274. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7274
English title: On the vegetation of the raised bogs in Finland.
Original keywords: Hochmoor; Vegetation; Klassifizierung

The study is based on the measurements and observations made during summers 1927-1929 and 1932 on South- and West-Finnish high moors. The article aims to give an overview on the vegetation if the Finnish high moors. The study seeks to answer following questions: to what extent and what kind of characters of other moor types are present in high moors, to what extent occur the characteristics of high moors outside the high moor area, and what are the typical characteristics of high moors?

The article describes the different types of raised bogs and the plant topographic characters. The high moors in different parts of Finland differ from each other with their characteristics and vegetation that they are classified in three groups: high moors in south-west Finland, high moors of northern part of Satakunta-province, and high moors south-east Finland.    

The PDF contains a summary in Finnish.

  • Paasio, ORCID ID:E-mail:

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