Current issue: 51(2)
Under compilation: 51(3)
Metsähallitus (forest services) commissioned a study about condition of forests in the Karelian Isthmus on the coast of Gulf of Finland. The study was made because of a growing concern about overcutting of the private forests in the area. According to the study, dominant species in the area is pine. In fresh mineral soil sites forests Norway spruce grows in mixed forest with pine or as pure stands. The forests are in average 50 to 70 years old. Younger or older stands are less frequent.
The ownership of the forests changed in the beginning of 18th century as local peasants sold plots for Russians, and a villa area was created along the coast. When Finland became independent, many of the properties changed hands. Cuttings of the forests increased and many small sawmills increased the demand of wood. Because of the cuttings, productivity of the forests decreases and danger for wind damage in the forests increases.
The author suggests that legislation created to prevent deforestation as well as counselling should be applied to improve forest management. In addition, a protective area should be formed in the Karelian Isthmus where forest preserving directives should be followed.
A summary in German, photos and a map are included in the PDF.