Current issue: 52(3)
Under compilation: 52(4)
According to the 1st national forest inventory of Finland, municipalities owned 178,000 hectares of forests in 1922, about 0.7% of the total forest area of the country. Only 60,000 hectares of these belonged to urban municipalities. The amount had increased to 73,000 hectares by 1938. Although the area is small, forests are important for municipal economy. The aim of this study was to investigate the state and forest management practices of forests in urban municipalities. The data was collected by mainly by interviewing the authorities of the municipalities in 1936-1938.
Forests cover 50-80% of the area of the urban municipalities, the total area varying from 111 hectares to 7,791 hectares. Only four municipalities own more than 5,000 hectares of forests. Annual profit of forestry in all urban municipalities totalled in average to 4.6 million Finnish marks in 1931-1935. Quality of productive forest lands is relatively good, but the volume and growth of the forests rather low. The silvicultural state of the forests could be improved. This requires continuous planning. The basis of this is forest management plan, which has been demanded of municipal forests since 1893. However, some of the urban municipalities still lack a forest management plan, or it is not fully used in forest management.
The PDF includes a summary in German.