Current issue: 55(2)
Under compilation: 55(3)
This study examined the relationships between forest management planning units and patches formed by forest habitat components. The test area used was a part of Koli National Park in North Karelia, eastern Finland. Forest management planning units (i.e. forest compartments) were defined by using a traditional method of Finnish forestry which applies aerial photographs and compartment-wise field inventory. Patches of forest habitat components were divided according to subjective rules by using a chosen set of variables depicting the edaphic features and vegetation of a forest habitat. The spatial distribution of the habitat components was estimated with the kriging-interpolation based on systematically located sample plots. The comparisons of the two patch mosaics were made by using the standard tools of GIS. The results of the study show that forest compartment division does not correlate very strongly with the forest habitat pattern. On average, the mean patch size of the forest habitat components is greater and the number of these patches lower compared to forest compartment division. However, if the forest habitat component distribution had been considered, the number of the forest compartments would have at least doubled after intersection.
There exists an algorithm for construction interpolating quadratic splines which preserves the monotony of the data. The taper curves formed with this algorithm, QO-splines, have many good qualities when a sufficient number of measured diameters of a tree is available. In fact, they may even be superior to certain shape preserving taper curves, MR-splines. This algorithm can be modified to preserve also the shape of the data. In the present paper, the quality of taper curves constructed by a new shape preserving from of the algorithm is examined. For this purpose, taper curves are formed for different sets of measurements and their properties are compared with the ones of QO-splines and MR-splines. The results indicate that these new shape-preserving taper curves are in general better than QO-splines and MR-splines even if the differences may be small in many cases. The superiority is the clearer the less measurements are available.
The PDF includes an abstract in Finnish.
A dynamic programming approach toward stem value estimation for standing Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees was developed. The determination of the saw log value was based on the sawing pattern and on the final products composition. The combination of taper curve models and bark models providing taper curves both over bark and under bark, which constituted the basis of the optimum stem scaling. A computer program was developed to determine the optimum log sequence of the stem aiming at maximizing the value of the final products. To examine the reliability of the computation system, 445 Scots pine sample trees from 29 stands were used as a test material. The stem values of sample trees were calculated in two ways: 1) with 12 measured diameters, and 2) with 12 estimated diameters derived from measured tree characteristics. In both cases the values of the intermediate diameters were calculated via cubic spline interpolation.
The PDF includes a summary in Finnish.