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Silva Fennica 1926-1997
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Articles containing the keyword 'requirements'.

Category: Research article

article id 487, category Research article
Åsa Gustafsson. (2003). Logistic services as a competitive means – segmenting the retail market for softwood lumber. Silva Fennica vol. 37 no. 4 article id 487. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.487
Softwood lumber has been considered traditionally as commodity. Subsequently brand names and trademarks were of subordinate value and competition was based on price. Recently, retailers have grown substantially and are forcing their suppliers to improve the production and delivery of products. As retailers are getting more diverse and powerful, suppliers are forced to adapt to the retailers’ service requirements. The new situation also brings opportunities for the sawmills to develop their competitive advantage. The retail industry is continuously changing, and in order for sawmills to develop and offer what retailers are asking for, it is necessary that they understand and interpret retailers’ requirements correctly. One way for sawmills to be successful is to develop accurate service elements and to use the service elements as a segmentation base in order to structure their customer base. This study shows that retailers place considerable emphasis on delivery and value-added logistical services. It generates three hypotheses concerning the following potential retail segments; turnover, category, and customer base.
  • Gustafsson, School of Industrial Engineering (IPS), Växjö University, SE-351 95 Växjö, Sweden ORCID ID:E-mail: asa.gustafsson@ips.vxu.se (email)

Category: Article

article id 5433, category Article
Marja-Leena Valkonen, Heikki Hänninen, Paavo Pelkonen, Tapani Repo. (1990). Frost hardiness of Scots pine seedlings during dormancy. Silva Fennica vol. 24 no. 4 article id 5433. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15587

The relationships between bud dormancy and frost hardiness were examined using two-year-old Pinus sylvestris L. seedlings. The chilling temperatures used were +4 and -2°C. To examine the dormancy release of the seedlings, a forcing technique was used. Frost hardiness was determined by artificial freezing treatments and measurements of electrical impedance. At the start of the experiment, the frost hardiness of the seedlings was about -25°C. After the rest break, the seedlings kept at +4°C dehardened until after eight weeks their frost hardiness reached -5°C. At the lower chilling temperature (-2°C) the frost hardiness remained at the original level. When moved from +4 to -2°C, seedlings were able to reharden only after the time required for bud burst in the forcing conditions had reached the minimum.

The PDF includes an abstract in Finnish

  • Valkonen, ORCID ID:E-mail:
  • Hänninen, ORCID ID:E-mail:
  • Pelkonen, ORCID ID:E-mail:
  • Repo, ORCID ID:E-mail:
article id 5076, category Article
Veikko Koski. (1980). Minimivaatimukset männyn siemenviljelyksille Suomessa. Silva Fennica vol. 14 no. 2 article id 5076. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15017
English title: Minimum requirements for seed orchards of Scots pine in Finland.

In order to be recorded in the national list of untested seed orchards, set by law, a seed orchard must attain certain objectives. It is impossible to define universal requirements for all categories of seed orchards of all species. The present paper suggests minimum requirements for a clonal region seed orchards of Pinus sylvestris L in Finland. The clonal composition as well as factors influencing on the mating pattern have been given precise numerical threshold values. To be approved the seed orchard must fulfil all the requirements at the same time. The goal is to control the genetic superiority of the forest reproductive material obtained from registered untested seed orchards.

The PDF includes a summary in English.

  • Koski, ORCID ID:E-mail:

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