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Emil Modig, Bo Magnusson, Erik Valinger, Jonas Cedergren, Lars Lundqvist (email)

Damage to residual stand caused by mechanized selection harvest in uneven-aged Picea abies dominated stands

Modig E., Magnusson B., Valinger E., Cedergren J., Lundqvist L. (2012). Damage to residual stand caused by mechanized selection harvest in uneven-aged Picea abies dominated stands. Silva Fennica vol. 46 no. 2 article id 442. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.442

Abstract

Permanent field plots were established in two uneven-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst) dominated stands in west-central Sweden. The objective was to quantify level and type of damage caused by harvesting and to quantify the difference between two treatments: T20) only skid road harvest (20 m distance between ca. 4 m wide roads), and T40) skid road harvest (40 m distance between ca. 4 m wide roads) combined with thinning between the roads. In T40, the goal was to harvest approximately the same standing volume as in T20. After harvest, two circular sample plots (radius 18 m, i.e. 1018 m2) were established at random locations within each treated area. All mechanical damage on the stem caused by harvest was measured and registered, including bark stripping larger than 15 cm2, stem broken or split, and tearing of branches causing damage on the stem. About 70–90 per cent of the damaged trees were smaller than 15 cm dbh. Very few trees larger than 25 cm dbh were damaged. In T20, more than 50 per cent of the damaged trees were located less than 5 m from the skid road, compared to less than 25 per cent for T40, in which more than 50 per cent of the damaged trees were located 5–10 m from the skid road. Creating only half the number of skid roads caused no more damage, and was probably more profitable because mean stem volume was about 1.5 times larger than in T20.

Keywords
selection cutting; logging damage; continuous cover management; residual stand; logging methods

Author Info
  • Modig, Statens fastighetsverk, Jokkmokk, Sweden ORCID ID:
  • Magnusson, Skogsstyrelsen, Bräcke, Sweden ORCID ID:
  • Valinger, Deparment of Forest Ecology and Management, SLU, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden ORCID ID:
  • Cedergren, Mariehamn, Åland ORCID ID:
  • Lundqvist, Deparment of Forest Ecology and Management, SLU, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden ORCID ID:E-mail lars.lundqvist@slu.se (email)

Received 23 November 2011 Accepted 14 March 2012 Published 31 December 2012

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.442 | Download PDF

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