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E. E. Kaila

Tervanpolton leviäminen Suomessa 1700-luvun puolimaissa

Kaila E.E. (1932). Tervanpolton leviäminen Suomessa 1700-luvun puolimaissa. Silva Fennica no. 21 article id 4462. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a9018

English title: Tar burning in Finland in the middle of the 18th century.

Abstract

Tar was an important export article in Finland, then a part of Sweden, in the 18th century. For instance, in 1640 half of Finnish trade consisted of tar. In other countries, like Norway, Poland, Archangel in Russia, and North Sweden, burning of tar was minor compared to Finland. In Finland, tar was produced of young pine trees. Tar production concentrated in more remote locations of the country, where it would be too difficult and expensive to transport timber and wood products. The cheapest products, such as wood, boards and planks, were produced on a coastal zone at farthest 30 km from the coast. Tar was produced in the zone beyond the coastal district. The inland parts of Southern Finland were, however, hilly which made even the transport of tar difficult. Tar production ended by the middle of the 19th century when wooden ships were abandoned, and the value of forests and other wood products increased.

The PDF includes a summary in English.

Original keywords
tervanpoltto; vienti; taloushistoria; metsien käyttö

English keywords
burning of tar; export; economic history; forest utilization

Published in 1932

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a9018 | Download PDF

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