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Yrjö Roitto

Raakapuun kaukokuljetus Saimaan vesistössä

Roitto Y. (1958). Raakapuun kaukokuljetus Saimaan vesistössä. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 67 no. 3 article id 7477. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7477

English title: Transportation of round timber in the Lake Saimaa water system.

Abstract

This paper aims at investigating which factors, in the point of view of the entrepreneur, define the choice of long-distance transport either as floating in bundles, steamship transport or barge transport in the waterway system of Lake Saimaa in 1950s. It defines the usage, kind of fleet, operation and costs of the abovesaid modes of transport. The investigation is mainly based on statistics of Enso-Gutzeit Oyj and the fuel office of the Finnish State Railways.

Location of the industrial enterprise sets the limits for use of the different modes of transport of roundwood. Previous decisions can influence the future choices, for instance, the capital the company has earler invested on the transportation system. Also, the type and amount of timber acquired by the company, transportation distance, time, and means of transport affect the choice of mode of transport. Those factors that direct decision-making, often lead the entrepreneur to stick to the chosen mode of transport.

Floating becomes the more inexpensive the larger the scale of operation is, and if the timber assortment is suitable for floating and water storage. For instance, dry wood is an asset for a wood export agency, and their sales have often time pressures, which rules floating out of their choices. Transportation in vessels has decreased to 4% of all roundwood haulage, but has its function as a supplementary way of transport.

The PDF includes a summary in German.

Original keywords
vesikuljetus; puun kuljetus; uitto; höyrylaiva; proomukuljetus; kuljetuskustannukset; aluskanta; sisävesikuljetus; Saimaa

English keywords
water transport; transport of wood; roundwood; floating; inland waterways; ships; steamships; barges; transport costs; Lake Saimaa; freight carrying vessels; tugboats

Published in 1958

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7477 | Download PDF

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