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Juha Nurmi

Heating values of the above ground biomass of small-sized trees

Nurmi J. (1993). Heating values of the above ground biomass of small-sized trees. Acta Forestalia Fennica no. 236 article id 7682. https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7682

Abstract

The heating values of wood, inner and outer bark, and foliage components of seven small-size tree species (Pinus sylvestris L., Picea abies (L.) H. Karst., Betula pubescens Erhr., B. pendula Roth, Alnus incana (L.) Moench, A. glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., Populus tremula L.) were studied. Significant differences were found between species within each component. However, the differences between species for weighted stem, crown and whole-tree biomass are very small. The weighted heating value of the crown mass is slightly higher than that of the stem in all species. The heating value of stem, crown and whole-tree material was found to increase with increasing latitude.

The effective heating value of wood correlated best with the lignin content, inner bark with carbohydrate, and outer bark with carbohydrates and the extractives soluble in alkalic solvents. It is suggested that the determination of the heating value might be used as an indicator of the cellulose content of coniferous wood.

The PDF includes a summary in Finnish.

Keywords
heating value; small-sized trees; whole-tree biomass; wood chemistry

Published in 1993

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/aff.7682 | Download PDF

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