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Erkki Annila

Metsien kunto ja bioottiset tuhonaiheuttajat.

Annila E. (1989). Metsien kunto ja bioottiset tuhonaiheuttajat. Silva Fennica vol. 23 no. 4 article id 5393. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15551

English title: Condition of forests and biotic damages .


This review discusses whether forests are affected by biotic damages due to present or future environmental disturbances, and do environmental threats, such as air pollution and climatic change, weaken the condition of forest in a way that makes them vulnerable to damages by fungi and insect. The defence mechanisms of trees and factors affecting the development of an outbreak are described. Finally, the ways that air pollution and climatic change may affect biotic damages are discussed. 

Original keywords
ilmastonmuutos; ilmansaasteet; hyönteistuhot; sienituhot; metsätalous

English keywords
climatic change; air pollution; insect damages; fungal pathogens; forestry

Published in 1989

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15551 | Download PDF

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