Full text of this article is only available in PDF format.

Paavo Yli-Vakkuri (email), Pentti K. Räsänen

Siementen peittämisen ja kylvökohdan polkaisun vaikutus männyn ruutukylvön tulokseen

Yli-Vakkuri P., Räsänen P. K. (1971). Siementen peittämisen ja kylvökohdan polkaisun vaikutus männyn ruutukylvön tulokseen. Silva Fennica vol. 5 no. 1 article id 4832. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a14621

English title: The influence of covering and tramping the seeds into the soil on the success of spot sowing of Scots pine

Abstract

This paper reports spot sowing experiments of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). The seeds were either covered with coarse sand, tramped in the substrate or sowed without any covering, 30 seeds in each treatment in 70 replications. The site was of Vaccinium type with sandy soil. The germination percentage was 81 and 91 on the respective years. The development of seedlings was observed for 3–4 years.

The results indicate that both tramping and covering the seeds to some extent increased the number of seedlings and improved the early development. The highest numbers of seedlings were recorded in the first growing season, after which there was 23 seedlings/100 seeds in the uncovered spots, 27 seedlings in the covered spots and 31 seedlings in the tramped spots in the experiment sowed in 1965.

Mortality of the seedlings was highest between the first and second growing season, and empty spots increased with the time. There was no difference in mortality between the sowing methods, but the number of seedlings after first growing season affected the result. Under favourable conditions four seedlings per spot seemed enough to secure the survival of minimum one seedling per spot during the three first growing seasons. In poor conditions seven seedlings was needed.

The PDF includes a summary in English.

Original keywords
kylvö; mänty; metsänviljely; taimettuminen; itäminen; kylvösyvyys; siementen suojaus; ruutukylvö

English keywords
Pinus sylvestris; germination; Scots pine; sowing; artificial regeneration; covering of the seeds; stocking with seedlings

Published in 1971

Views 2298

Available at https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a14621 | Download PDF

Creative Commons License CC BY-SA 4.0

Register
Click this link to register to Silva Fennica.
Log in
If you are a registered user, log in to save your selected articles for later access.
Contents alert
Sign up to receive alerts of new content

Your selected articles
Your search results
Hokkanen T. J., Järvinen E. et al. (1995) Properties of top soil and the relationship betw.. Silva Fennica vol. 29 no. 3 article id 5556
Saarenmaa L., Leppälä T. (1995) Fill-in seedlings in constituting the stocking o.. Silva Fennica vol. 29 no. 2 article id 5552
Saarsalmi A., Lipas E. et al. (1994) Effect of fertilization on flowering and seed cr.. Silva Fennica vol. 28 no. 3 article id 5530
Salminen H., Varmola M. (1993) Influence of initial spacing and planting design.. Silva Fennica vol. 27 no. 1 article id 5495
Selander J., Immonen A. (1992) Effect of fertilization and watering of Scots pi.. Silva Fennica vol. 26 no. 2 article id 5476
Heiskanen J., Raitio H. (1991) Soil water potential during the production of ba.. Silva Fennica vol. 25 no. 1 article id 5438
Petäistö R.-L., (1989) The influence of autumn transplanting date on th.. Silva Fennica vol. 23 no. 3 article id 5384
Kuuluvainen T., Pukkala T. (1989) Effect of Scots pine seed trees on the density o.. Silva Fennica vol. 23 no. 2 article id 5379
Bergsten U., (1988) Invigoration and IDS-sedimentation of Pinus sylv.. Silva Fennica vol. 22 no. 4 article id 5364
Pukkala T., (1987) Model for predicting the seed crop of Picea abie.. Silva Fennica vol. 21 no. 2 article id 5311
Nygren M., (1986) Autumn harvested Scots pine seeds: the effect of.. Silva Fennica vol. 20 no. 1 article id 5262
Pohtila E., Pohjola T. (1985) Soil preparation in reforestation of Scots pine .. Silva Fennica vol. 19 no. 3 article id 5243
Suoheimo J., (1984) The occurrence of Otiorrhynchus nodosus and its .. Silva Fennica vol. 18 no. 3 article id 5218
Heikurainen L., Laine J. et al. (1983) Fertilization and ditch spacing experiments conc.. Silva Fennica vol. 17 no. 4 article id 5198
Pohtila E., Pohjola T. (1983) Results from the reforestation experiment on plo.. Silva Fennica vol. 17 no. 3 article id 5188
Smolander H., Kostamo J. et al. (1981) Effect of soil compaction on transpiration and h.. Silva Fennica vol. 15 no. 3 article id 5122
Ryynänen M., (1980) X-ray radiography of ageing Scots pine seeds. Silva Fennica vol. 14 no. 1 article id 5071
Nylund L., Haapanen A. et al. (1980) Radial growth of Scots pine and soil conditions .. Silva Fennica vol. 14 no. 1 article id 5056
Enivaara A., (1979) Regeneration and improvement of the Scots pine f.. Silva Fennica vol. 13 no. 2 article id 5026
Huttunen S., (1978) The effects of air pollution on provenances of S.. Silva Fennica vol. 12 no. 1 article id 4983
Lehtiniemi T., (1977) Factors affecting gamma-irradiation sensitivity .. Silva Fennica vol. 11 no. 1 article id 4963
Yli-Vakkuri P., Pelkonen P. (1976) Rooting of Scots pine needle fascicles with diff.. Silva Fennica vol. 10 no. 4 article id 4956
Lehtonen I., Kellomäki S. et al. (1976) Nutrient cycle in a Scots pine stand I. Seasonal.. Silva Fennica vol. 10 no. 3 article id 4946
Päivänen J., (1974) The effect of ditch spacing and furrowing on dep.. Silva Fennica vol. 8 no. 4 article id 4908
Lehtiniemi T., (1973) Use of peat briquettes in seeding of Scots pine Silva Fennica vol. 7 no. 4 article id 4889
Päivänen J., (1973) The effect of thinning on the snow cover and soi.. Silva Fennica vol. 7 no. 2 article id 4881
Laatikainen P., (1973) Milled peat and milled bark as substrate for Sco.. Silva Fennica vol. 7 no. 1 article id 4877
Pohtila E., (1972) Effect of fine-grounded copper rock phosphate pl.. Silva Fennica vol. 6 no. 1 article id 4859
Luukkanen O., Räsänen P. K. et al. (1971) The use of needle colour in predicting growth an.. Silva Fennica vol. 5 no. 4 article id 4853
Räsänen P. K., Hiltunen M. (1971) The effect of differences in Scots pine nursery .. Silva Fennica vol. 5 no. 3 article id 4847
Mannerkoski H., (1971) Effect of fertilization on the initial developme.. Silva Fennica vol. 5 no. 2 article id 4841
Seppälä K., (1971) The quantity of fertilizer and application metho.. Silva Fennica vol. 5 no. 2 article id 4838
Långström B., (1971) Weight loss, water content and mortality of cold.. Silva Fennica vol. 5 no. 1 article id 4834
Långström B., (1970) The effect of packing methods on the field survi.. Silva Fennica vol. 4 no. 1 article id 4813
Räsänen P. K., Koukkula A. et al. (1970) The effect of packing, storing and heeling-in on.. Silva Fennica vol. 4 no. 1 article id 4812
Löyttyniemi K., (1969) The effect of treatment of Scots pine and Norway.. Silva Fennica vol. 3 no. 3 article id 4803
Heikurainen L., Päivänen J. et al. (1966) Scots pine seeding and planting on drained peat .. Silva Fennica vol. no. 119 article id 4731
Jamalainen E. A., (1961) Damage by low-temperature parasitic fungi on con.. Silva Fennica vol. 0 no. 108 article id 4703
Nenonen M., Jukola J. (1960) Pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) injuries and t.. Silva Fennica vol. 0 no. 104 article id 4693
Sirén G., (1952) Observations on stands of Scots pine sown in sta.. Silva Fennica vol. no. 78 article id 4628
Lähde E., (1966) Studies on the respiration rate in the different.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 81 no. 8 article id 7173
Hårdh J. E., (1966) Trials with carbon dioxide, light and growth sub.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 81 no. 1 article id 7166
Huuri O., (1965) The effects of storage in cones on the viability.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 78 no. 5 article id 7158
Mikola P., Laiho O. et al. (1964) The effect of slash burning on the commencement .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 77 no. 3 article id 7151
Yli-Vakkuri P., (1961) Experimental studies on the emergence and develo.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 75 no. 1 article id 7135
Yli-Vakkuri P., (1961) Studies on the development of young sown pine st.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 74 no. 3 article id 7130
Yli-Vakkuri P., (1961) Emergence and initial development of tree seedli.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 74 no. 1 article id 7128
Kallio K., (1960) Structure and development of Scots pine stands e.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 71 no. 3 article id 7112
Yli-Vakkuri P., (1959) On machines for abrading seed wings and their in.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 68 no. 4 article id 7486
Mikola P., (1958) Liberation of nitrogen from alder leaf litter Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 67 no. 1 article id 7475
Lehto J., (1956) Studies on the natural regeneration of Scots pin.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 66 no. 2 article id 7472
Kalela E. K., (1954) Root systems of Scots pine seed trees and stands Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 28 article id 7440
Heikurainen L., (1954) Regeneration of Scots pine stands of pine swamps.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 61 no. 27 article id 7439
Vaartaja O., (1951) On the recovery of released Scots pine undergrow.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 59 no. 3 article id 7407
Kangas E., (1942) Effect of seed extracting temperature on extract.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 50 no. 14 article id 7367
Kangas E., (1940) Studies on artificial regeneration in Pohjankang.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 49 no. 4 article id 7351
Hertz M., (1929) Observations on annual and daily cycles in the h.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 34 no. 18 article id 7231
Nygren M., (1987) Germination characteristics of autumn collected .. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 201 article id 7648
Kauppi P., (1984) Stress, strain, and injury : Scots pine transpla.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 185 article id 7632
Laine J., Mannerkoski H. (1980) Effect on fertilization on tree growth and elk d.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 166 article id 7604
Hallman E., Hari P. et al. (1978) Effect of planting shock on the transpiration, p.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 161 article id 7595
Heikurainen L., Laine J. (1976) Effect of fertilization, drainage and temperatur.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 150 article id 7584
Brown R. T., Mikola P. (1974) The influence of fruticose soil lichens upon the.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 141 article id 7575
Heikurainen L., Veijola P. (1971) Effect of fertilization and ditch spacing on reg.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 114 article id 7548
Räsänen P. K., (1970) The effect of lifting date, packing, storing and.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 112 article id 7546
Yli-Vakkuri P., Räsänen P. K. et al. (1968) Cold-storage and its effects on the field surviv.. Acta Forestalia Fennica vol. 0 no. 88 article id 7188
Nordin P., Olofsson E. et al. (2023) Within-site adaptation: growth and mortality of .. Silva Fennica vol. 57 no. 3 article id 23004
Haapanen M., Ruotsalainen S. (2021) Adaptive performance of genetically improved and.. Silva Fennica vol. 55 no. 5 article id 10534
Matala J., Kilpeläinen H. et al. (2020) Sawlog quality and tree dimensions of Scots pine.. Silva Fennica vol. 54 no. 3 article id 10389
Pikkarainen L., Luoranen J. et al. (2020) Comparison of planting success in one-year-old s.. Silva Fennica vol. 54 no. 1 article id 10243
Lehtinen M. T., Pulkkinen P. (2017) Effects of Scots pine paternal genotypes of two .. Silva Fennica vol. 51 no. 5 article id 7783
Hytönen J., Jylhä P. et al. (2017) Positive effects of wood ash fertilization and w.. Silva Fennica vol. 51 no. 3 article id 1734
Vacek S., Vacek Z. et al. (2016) Structure, regeneration and growth of Scots pine.. Silva Fennica vol. 50 no. 4 article id 1564
Berlin M. E., Persson T. et al. (2016) Scots pine transfer effect models for growth and.. Silva Fennica vol. 50 no. 3 article id 1562
Saarsalmi A., Tamminen P. et al. (2014) Effects of long-term fertilisation on soil prope.. Silva Fennica vol. 48 no. 1 article id 989
Johansson K., Ring E. et al. (2013) Effects of pre-harvest fertilization and subsequ.. Silva Fennica vol. 47 no. 4 article id 1016
Pearson M., Saarinen M. et al. (2011) Mounding and scalping prior to reforestation of .. Silva Fennica vol. 45 no. 4 article id 98
Pulkkinen P., Varis S. et al. (2011) Increasing survival and growth of Scots pine see.. Silva Fennica vol. 45 no. 4 article id 93
Kankaanhuhta V., Saksa T. et al. (2009) Variation in the results of Norway spruce planti.. Silva Fennica vol. 43 no. 1 article id 217
Rune G., (2003) Slits in container wall improve root structure a.. Silva Fennica vol. 37 no. 3 article id 493
Chantal M. d., Eskola L. et al. (2003) Early establishment of Pinus sylvestris and Pice.. Silva Fennica vol. 37 no. 1 article id 509